TERMS USED IN MIDWIFERY
Midwifery: It is profession of providing assistance and medical care to women undergoing labour and child birth during antenatal, pre-natal and postnatal period.
Obstetrics: This is abranch of medicine dealing with pregnancy, labour and puerperium.
Caesarian section: Is an incision made on the uterus through the anterior abdominal wall to remove products of gestation after 28weeks of gestation.
Cephalic: Means head.
Cervix: Is the neck of the uterus
Colostrum: This is afluid found in the breast from the 16 th week of pregnancy up to 2 nd and 3 rd day after delivery.
Crowning: This is wherethe largest transverse diameter of the fetal skull escapes under the sub pubic arch and does not recede back between contractions.
Gestation: Pregnancy or maternal condition of having a developing fetus in the body.
Fetus: Human conceptus from the 9 th week to delivery.
Viability: Capability of living usually accepted 24weeks-28 weeks although survival is rare.
Gravida: Woman who is or has been pregnant regardless of pregnancy outcome.
Prime gravida: Woman pregnant for the first time.
Multi gravida: Woman who has been pregnant more than once.
Nuli Para: Woman who is not now and has never been pregnant.
Parity: Is number of children born alive or dead after 28weeks of gestation.
Vernix caseosa: Is a greasy substance that covers the baby’s skin at birth.
Meconium: This is stool of the neonate that is present in the lower bowel at 16weeks of
gestation and is passed within 3 days following birth, its greenish black in colour.
Lightening: This is drop in fundal height.
Show: The bloody stained mucoid discharge seen at the onset of labour