Medical Instruments for nurses revision

Medical Instruments For Nurses


Instrument/ Appliance


Sand bags

It prevents movement of a limb in the treatment of special conditions.

Bed block

To elevate the bed

Mouth gag

To open the mouth of unconscious patient

Air ring and its pump

To prevent friction on the bed.

Cardiac table

Used by cardiac patients to lean forward.

Bed pan

Used for toileting of bedridden patients.

Dirty linen container

For collecting dirty bed linen.

Male urinal

For male bladder elimination

Kidney dish

Used for receiving soiled dressings and other medical wastes.

Sponge holding forceps

Used to grasp and hold sponges while conducting medical and surgical procedures.

Cheatle forceps

For picking sterile instruments.


Stores air sensitive medications and solutions.


Stores liquid or powdered medicine intended for parenteral administration.

Episiotomy scissors

Used for episiotomy

Auriscope/ Otoscope

For examining the ear.

Ear syringe

For performing ear syringing.

Tuning fork

For examination of sense of hearing.

Specimen bottles

For collecting laboratory specimens.

Calibrated medicine cup

For giving oral medication to the patient.

Dental probe

To measure the depth of a tooth’s pocket.

Mosquito artery forceps

To clamp small blood vessels to control haemorrhage.

Curved artery forceps

Used to compress arteries.

Straight artery forceps

To clamp arteries to arrest bleeding

Long artery forceps

Used as a cord clamp

Dental spatula

Used for mixing cement powder and denture powder.

Ovum forceps

Used to remove tissue from inside the uterus.

Towel clip

To hold sterile towels close to the inscision

Uterine curette

To remove the contents of the uterus.

Cord clamp

To clamp the cord.

Patella hammer

To examine the knee reflex.


To measure the depth of the wound.

Air way piece

To rescue ventilation.


Helps the patient lift himself off the mattress.

Bed cradle

To lift the weight of the bed linen.


To help the patient sit upright in bed


For providing patients privacy


To carry medical supplies


Used for transporting medical supplies

Double Sims vaginal spectrum

Used for examining the vagina and cervix.

Cusco’s vaginal spectrum

Used to inspect the cervix

Dissecting forceps

Used for grasping and holding objects.

Sputum mug

For collecting sputum.

Colostomy bag

For collecting fecal matter from a colostomy.

Motor and pestle

To crush medicine for children.


To prevent foot drop

Bulb syringe

For sucking excess mucus from the baby’s nostrils and the mouth.

Manual suction machine

Used for suctioning.


Used for gripping the cervix during surgical procedure.

Cord scissor

For cutting baby’s cord.

Kocher forceps

Used to grasp heavy tissue or clamp large blood vessels


For rectal examination.

Uterine packing forceps

Used to grasp the uterus during uterine birthing.

Tenaculum forceps

For holding the cervix

Uterine sound

For measuring the depth of the uterus.

Sterile drums

To store sterile equipment.


For examination of the eye.

Tracheostomy tube

To provide an alternative airway for breathing after tracheostomy.


Used to deliver medicine to the lungs and the airway.

Crocodile forceps

To remove small objects from small cavities in the body.


To turn liquid medicine into a very fine mist to be inhaled by a patient through a face mask or mouthpiece.

Tongue depressor

To prevent back flow of the tongue in unconscious patients.

Fetal scope

To listen to the baby’s heart rate.

Allis tissue forceps

To hold or grasp heavy tissues.

Auvard vaginal spectrum

Opens the walls of the vagina and examine the vagina and cervix.

Cervical dilator

To dilate the cervix.

Enema can

Used to administer enema to the patient.


To visualize the interior of a hollow organ of part.


To assess the pupil diameter.

Mucus extractor

To aspirate secretions from the oropharynx of new born babies.


To examine the interior of the larynx.

Tonsil holding forceps

To hold the tonsil during tonsillectomy.

Tonsil scissors

For blunt dissection and cutting of soft tissues during ENT procedures.

Nasal dressing forceps

To perform anterior nasal packing.

Tracheal dilator

To enlarge the airway in cases of subglottic stenosis and tracheal stenosis.

Hot water bottle

To warm the patient.

Pulse oximeter

To estimate the oxygen saturation of the blood and the pulse rate.


To check glucose levels.

Height board

To measure patient’s height.


To measure the specific gravity of urine.

Medical goggles

To shield the eyes against liquid or chemical splash.


To cover any unappealing area or space.

Babcock forceps

To grasp delicate tissues during laparotomy.

Needle holder forceps

To hold the needle while applying sutures.

Dressing forceps

Used when dressing wounds.


To rupture the amniotic sac.

Bladder sound

To locate stones in the bladder.

Teeth extractor

To extract the teeth.

Root elevator

To elevate the root of the tooth before extraction.

Wrigley forceps

Used in deliveries in which the baby is far along in the birth canal.

Nasogastric tube

To administer food and medicine to the stomach through the nose.

Giving set

For administering intravenous fluids and medicines to the patient.

Snellen chart

To assess monocular and binocular visual acuity.

Aneurysm needle

To pass ligatures around blood vessels.

Vomit bowl

To collect patient’s vomit.

Endotracheal tube

To keep the trachea open so that air can get into the lung.

Manual vacuum aspiration (MVA) set

Medical termination of pregnancy

Four prong retractor

To pull back soft tissue during surgery

Metallic catheter

For short term urinary tract catheterization for adult patients

Foley catheter

To drain out urine from the bladder

Three way foley catheter

Used for bladder irrigation

Penile sheath

To provide relief to men with intractable urinary incontinence.

Sterilization forceps

To remove sterilized instruments from boilers and formalin cabinets

Right angle forceps

Clapping, dissection or grasping tissue

Lane’s tissue holding forceps

To hold tough tissue such as fascia and cartilage

Duval intestinal grasping forceps

Used to grip internal tissues for manipulation.

Sinus forceps

To pack sinuses, remove foreign bodies from the sinuses and insert drains into the nasal or oral cavities

Blade holder

To hold the blade in place.

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